Although the COVID-19 pandemic has severely disrupted life and production all around the world, the construction of the Belt & Road Projects continues with protective measures in Laos, Cambodia and Indonesia.
Experts believe that at this special period the Belt & Road Initiative (BRI), which focuses on infrastructure projects and trade exchanges, can facilitate the restoration of the national economies of many countries in the world.
Strict Preventive Measures
“I have driven trains travelling around China, but this is the first time I drive a train abroad,” said 31-year-old Chinese train driver Chen Jian in an engineering train loaded with track ballast heading toward a construction site on the outskirts of Vientiane, the Lao capital.
Chen, who operates locomotives on the China-Laos Railway under construction, is one of the many Chinese workers overcoming difficulties and working there around the clock amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
With strict precautionary and preventive measures, they have joined hands with local workers and engineers to speed up the construction of the railway project.
“In order to keep the construction of the China-Laos Railway on schedule, we are implementing comprehensive control measures to ensure progress, quality and safety,” said Hu Bin, railing project manager of the China Railway No. 2 Engineering Group (CREC-2), which is undertaking the railway’s railing work.
According to Lei Chao, Hu’s colleague, with nearly half of the staff absent, “everyone here is working in multiple roles.”
“We must ensure the health of our available staff. We have actively carried out epidemic prevention in Laos, and formed medical teams along the railway for emergency treatment and distribution of epidemic prevention supplies,” said Lei.
The China-Laos Railway is not the only project witnessing such strict preventive measures. In the jungles of southwestern Cambodia’s Koh Kong Province, the Chinese-built Lower Stung Russei Chrum hydropower station also saw similar measures taken for safety operation.
“The safety of our staff is the precondition of normal operation. Strict measures have been adopted in our company, including thorough sanitation of vehicles, offices, and dormitories, frequent temperature tests, and mask-wearing requirements, among others,” said You Yuansheng, Deputy General Manager of China Huadian Lower Stung Russei Chrum Hydroelectric Project (Cambodia) Company Limited.
“All people who returned from China after vacation should be quarantined for 14 days,” You said.
The preventive measures also won support from local Cambodian workers, who, together with their Chinese colleagues, shot and posted videos on social media to promote public awareness of COVID-19.
In Indonesia, Zhang Kelei, project manager of Sinohudro Project Department of the Jakarta-Bandung High Speed Railway, said the department “has asked everyone to wear masks and reduce contact.”
“The offices, accommodations and construction sites are fully enclosed, and all personnel entering and exiting are registered, disinfected and tested,” Zhang said.
“We have also printed 3,000 copies of anti-epidemic prevention manual books in both Chinese and Indonesian, and distributed them to every Indonesian employee,” he said, adding their Indonesian colleagues are also provided with face masks, disinfectant and other epidemic prevention materials, as well as epidemic subsidies.
Despite a shortage of hands and supplies, the Chinese and local workers and engineers have nevertheless managed to resume production in an orderly manner.
The CREC-2, which restarted work on March 27, has sped up its track-laying pace to one kilometre every day from two kilometres every three days.
By early May, the company had completed its track-laying of over 30 kilometres.
Besides, the railway’s off-line bridges, tunnels, roadbeds and other civil engineering work have been almost finished, and online tracks, power, communication signal, mechanical and electrical engineering and station buildings have been fully launched.
“The tracks were laid so well that it’s much comfortable to run on them,” said Chen, the Chinese driver.
As for the hydropower station in Cambodia, it has been generating electricity normally since the COVID-19 outbreak in the country in March. The station has provided 75 million kilowatt-hours during the first four months of this year.
“We only have 94 Chinese colleagues on site right now. The shortage of hands is a big challenge. Therefore, we must unite and cooperate more closely to fulfil our duties at this special time,” said You.
The staff have made a detailed plan to ensure the plant “will run safely at full capacity to provide reliable power for the socio-economic development of Cambodia,” he said.
Over the past several months, 50-year-old Luo Jianhua, Deputy Director of the Production Technology Department of the plant, and his colleagues have been examining key equipment like power units, generator transformers and flood discharging facilities to prepare for the coming rainy season.
“Rainy season is the best time for the hydropower plant to generate electricity, so we must keep our equipment in good condition,” Luo said.
In Indonesia, 40-year-old Zhang said he was still on vacation in his hometown Xuzhou in eastern China’s Jiangsu Province in the early days of the outbreak.
“The construction of the high-speed railway was in full swing. I was worried about the lack of manpower in the work area and the inability to coordinate supplies and equipment in time,” said Zhang, who later flew back to Jakarta as soon as possible.
With the joint efforts of Zhang and many others like him, the construction of the railway has made great progress amid the epidemic. Three tunnels have been drilled through in the last few months. The first multi-span rigid frame continuous beam for the No. 2 Bridge of the railway was successfully closed in mid-May.
Ren Chengneng, General Technical Manager of the railing of the China-Laos Railway, told that he was very happy to participate in the Belt & Road Project at the end of his career.
He was not alone favouring the project.
While inspecting the main construction site of the railway in Vientiane, Lao Deputy Prime Minister & Finance Minister Somdy Douangdy spoke highly of the construction of the railway, calling it a carrier and symbol of the friendship between Laos and China.
Somdy vowed that the Lao government will, as always, support the construction of the railway and provide convenience for its construction.
“The Belt and Road Initiative plan may restart progressively and remains well-received in its partner countries,” Cambodian Princess Norodom Arunrasmy told in a recent interview.
Cambodia highly values the BRI since it is a new source of economic growth through infrastructure development, industrialisation, trade and investment expansion, and tourism growth said the princess.
As for Kyrgyzstan’s independent political analyst Igor Shestakov, the Belt & Road Projects “can become one of the ways to quickly restore the economy” of Central Asian as well as Commonwealth of Independent States countries.
“Now China, at this difficult moment, can position the projects more successfully and more efficiently, as one of the ways to speed up the restoration of the national economies of the countries,” Shestakov said.
Meanwhile, such confidence in Belt & Road projects has also been shared by officials and experts beyond Asia.
Noting that the BRI focuses on infrastructure projects and trade exchanges that are needed by developing countries, Hisham El-Zimaity, secretary-general of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs, said he believes that the initiative “will continue to offer a lot of impetus at the political and economic levels around the world.”
The BRI “is vital and it will continue despite the ongoing pandemic,” said George Tzogopoulos, an expert on China with the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies at Israel’s Bar Ilan University.