A Greek port that has served the city of Athens since ancient times is China’s poster child for the success of its 21st century Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

The BRI, also known as the New Silk Road, involves more than a trillion dollars worth of Chinese infrastructure investments across Asia, Africa, and Europe with at least $64 billion more to come.

Nearly three years after acquiring a 51% stake in the Port of Piraeus, China can now confidently point to Greece’s largest port as a case study that demonstrates its full capability of turning a sinking ship around.

During the first year of Chinese operating the port, the throughput grew by 10.9%. according to a report by Lloyd’s List. And of the top 100 ports in the world, Piraeus was ranked 93rd in 2010. In 2018, it was 37th.

“This is something that China could quite persuasively say, is a success case, because the throughput has gone up quite dramatically since Chinese built the terminal there, and then also took over operations,” Jonathan Hillman, senior fellow at the D.C.-based think tank CSIS said.

“The numbers and the port is just done very well, rising regionally, as now one of the top ports in the Mediterranean.”

Last year, in particular, was spectacular. After two years of Chinese operation, the port posted a 147% improvement year-over-year, bringing in EUR 27.9 million in profits.

“2018 was the most successful year in terms of profitability,” Authority Captain Fu Chengqiu, the Port of Piraeus CEO, said in a press release.

“The successful financial management also brings additional revenue to the Greek State due to increased concession fees, dividends, insurance contributions, etc.”

‘Encouraging results of the cooperation between Greece and China’ After state-owned China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO) took a 51% stake in the Port of Piraeus’ operator in 2016 for approximately $312.51 million (EUR 280.5 million) with the likelihood of that share increasing to 67%, China set out to make it a key transshipment hub for trade between Asia and Europe, envisioning a southern gate to Europe.

“COSCO Shipping is a long-term and responsible investor, which strategically invests in the port of Piraeus aiming at further highlighting of Piraeus Port natural advantages and strengthening its position in the port industry,” Piraeus Port Authority spokesperson Nektarios Demenopoulos said.

He added: “We strongly believe that the development of Piraeus port not only meets the global strategic plan of COSCO Shipping, but it will also bring long-lasting benefits to Piraeus port employees, shareholders, local community and finally to the Greek economy.”

The project’s success has been heralded as a blockbuster in Chinese media.

“The development of Piraeus in recent years is the encouraging results of the cooperation between Greece and China within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative,” Xinhua News Agency reported in late January.