Some of the five major sci-tech facilities, run by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), are expected to be completed and put into trial operation by the end of this year in Northeastern Beijing’s Suburban Huairou Science City.

The earth system numerical simulator is expected to start trial operation within this year. The numerical simulator is equipped with a high-performance computing system that has a total of 3,360 computational units, operating at a peak performance speed of 15 petaflops.

“The earth system numerical simulator can help reproduce the Earth’s past, observe the Earth’s present and predict the Earth’s future in the Earth Lab. For one thing, it can significantly help improve our present levels of forecasting weather and disasters.

From Medium to long term perspective, it will provide important scientific & technological support for the country to build an ecological civilization, implement the Belt & Road Initiative, and realize carbon neutral,” said Cao Junji, Director of Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) under the CAS.

The scientists from the IAP have developed a series of application software to facilitate the operation of the numerical simulator.

“We have set up 10 sub-systems, including atmosphere, ocean, and land surface. All subsystems have completed their stand-alone simulation so far. After the hardware of the facility is installed, our entire system will be integrated and debugged on the newly built hardware,” said Zhang He, an associate researcher with the IAP.

Alongside the numerical simulator, an experiment facility designed for tests taken under a wide range of extreme conditions has been undergoing the commissioning phase.

The facility can create experimental conditions of extremely low temperatures, ultra-high pressure, strong magnetic fields, and ultra-fast optical fields.

The facility features a piece of apparatus to observe the moving process of microscopic particles with an accuracy of 100 attoseconds and an electron microscopy with resolutions reaching 20 nanometers.

It will facilitate the country’s basic research in areas such as the superconductor and quantum materials, according to the institute.

“We can use the apparatus to observe the behavior of electrons. The behavior of electrons is involved in physics, chemistry, and biology, and also has applications in the fields of materials, energy, and imaging. For example, in terms of energy, we can use it to study electrons in the process of photovoltaic power generation to improve the efficiency of photovoltaic cells when designing materials. It has a great significance for optical computing, information, and communications industry in the future,” said Wei Zhiyi, an IAP Researcher.

The facility is expected to start operation next year, according to Lyu Li, who is the Director of the CAS Huairou Research Department.

“We plan to finish the installation of the facilities by the end of this year, and most of the apparatus could be debugged and put into trial operation as well. Hopefully, the facilities will be fully completed in the second half of next year and then open to users,” he said.

The Huairou Science City, its construction approved in 2017, is expected to grow into a world-class infrastructure cluster for national sci-tech research and development.