The Russian Government has approved the Russian Caspian Sea Ports development strategy until 2030. The Governmental decree to this effect was signed on June 25.
The Strategy envisages building a New Port in Dagestan, while the existing facilities in the commercial Port of Makhachkala are suggested to be used for the needs of the Caspian Navy. A new cargo terminal (Port) is suggested to be built in Lagan in Kalmykia.
A decision is to be taken on developing dry Ports and/or a distribution centre for export designated agricultural cargoes in Astrakhan Region and Dagestan.
A decision is to be taken on the feasibility of construction of ferries for the Olya – Nowshahr route and rail ferries for the Amirabad – Makhachkala and Turkmenbashi – Makhachkala routes.
Passenger terminals development is suggested in Makhachkala, Astrakhan and Derbent. The Strategy also envisages developing road & rail infrastructure including port accesses.
Politically, the Strategy suggests signing a draft pentalateral agreement on cooperation in shipping in the Caspian providing, among other things, for port dues unification.
Another important political moment in the Strategy is the measures aimed at developing the transport an transit potential of the Caspian region in the framework of the One Belt, One Road initiative.
A single transport operator is to be established in the Caspian region, one of the bodies responsible for this task is the Russian Export Center.
In terms of export development, the Russian party intends to work on lifting the limitations on Russian grain import imposed by Iran and promoting Russian meat (including mutton) export to and via Iran.
The Strategy envisages support to ship owners operating in the Caspian and developing a shipbuilding cluster in Astrakhan Region.
It is expected that realisation of the Strategy is to help increase container traffic up to 265 thousand TEU, and dry cargo transportation up to 14 mn tons, and attract up to 30 thousand Russian tourists to the Caspian region by 2030.