The Digital Silk Road is becoming a new globalisation scheme promoting the development of all mankind in the digital era. The Digital Silk Road is a combination of digital economic development of the “Belt and Road” initiative, as well as a digital support for the initiative.
China has become the world’s second digital economy, led the world in the number of internet users, online retail sales and mobile internet development, and achieved technology and model innovations.
Based on data and information flow through the internet, the Digital Silk Road helps to overcome cultural diversity, information asymmetry and trust between “Belt and Road” countries, promote the all-round cooperation between “Belt and Road” countries and regions in information infrastructure, trade, finance, industry, science, education, culture, health and other fields, narrow the “digital gap” and speed up economic and social development.
The Digital Silk Road will take equality as the foundation, openness as the feature, trust as the path and sharing as the goal Digital Silk Road. Digital technology originated from internet development for better connection and features decentralisation.
As genes of the digital economy, equality, openness, trust and sharing tally with the Silk Road spirit of peaceful cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit.
The construction of the Digital Silk Road can fuel economic growth, improve economic quality, promote employment and enhance the well-being of people.
It helps to promote the development of cross-border e-commerce, smart cities, telemedicine, internet finance and other digital economic service fields, promote the development of cloud computing, big data, IoT, AI, blockchain, quantum computing and other technical fields, promote the international cooperation in communications, power and traffic infrastructure, promote international capacity cooperation, promote the economic growth of different countries, promote the industrial transformation and structure improvement of different countries, accomplish more diversified and flexible employment and entrepreneurship, and enable people to enjoy a more convenient, comfortable and free life to enhance their happiness
To build the Digital Silk Road, we need to give play to the role of governments and international organisations, conduct top-level design of policies, establish a multinational cooperation mechanism, organise industrial cooperation alliances, establish a dispute settlement mechanism, strengthen risk pre-warning and network security, unify technical standards, advance international standardisation, perfect laws and regulations, and construct a governance system.
Besides, we need to give play to the role of enterprises, construct information infrastructure, develop the network information technology industry, and promote the digital transformation of industries and public services.
Also, we need to employ the research strength of think tanks, the information channel advantage of intermediaries and the communication, organisation and coordination capabilities of associations and alliances, to improve the talent cultivation mechanism, strengthen digital talent training and build cooperation project databases.