This Paper explores India’s ties with China, outlining how they have evolved over the course of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s years in Office.

It lays out the elements of cooperation, competition, and potentially conflict in the Sino-Indian relationship, as well as the leverage the two countries potentially hold over each other. The paper also examines the approach that Delhi has developed to manage its China relationship, one that can be characterised as “competitive engagement with Indian characteristics.”

The paper details how and why India is simultaneously engaging with Beijing, where that is feasible, and competing with China, alone and in partnership with others. Finally, the paper considers what could cause India to reevaluate its approach to China either toward greater accommodation or greater competition.

Managing China
Author: Tanvi Madan, Director – The India Project Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Project on International Order and Strategy.