At the end of a seemingly endless stretch of sand in Southern Xinjiang lies an ancient oasis with more than 300,000 people.
Hotan City is located at the Northern foot of the Karakorgan Range and on the southern fringe of the Taklamakan Desert. It is an oasis that lies in the Tarim Basin, just north of the Kunlun Mountains, one of the longest mountain ranges in Asia.
Lying on the Southern edge of the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang, Hotan had a long history of strategic importance along the ancient “Jade Road” and “Silk Road,” where Eastern Civilization met Western Culture. It was one of the largest transfer points on the caravan way, one of the centers producing Silk, Carpets and Jade.
Hotan has one of the largest jade mine for jade stones, endowing the city with the name ‘Jade City’. The majesty and grace in the beauty and execution of art items made of jade have been passed down from generation to generation.
Hotan is famous not only for greenstone products but also for carpet weaving. Its carpets are considered among the best in the world. The city has its own factory where women weave hand-made carpets.
This year, Hotan opened its first museum to the public, exhibiting more than 1,300 cultural relics that narrate the history of the ancient Silk Road, testifying that Xinjiang has been an inseparable part of China since ancient times.
The charm of an ancient and vibrant Hotan, combined with its neighboring vast desert as well as blooming oasis, shines through 3,000 years of history into a new chapter of rejuvenation.
It also serves the needs of the residents of the city that include Uygurs, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and Han, living proof of the diversity and unity of China’s multiple ethnicities.