A Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman on Friday called the United States accusations against China’s Environmental Record a farce staged by the U.S. for Political purposes.
Refuting U.S. attacks against China’s greenhouse gas emissions, wildlife trafficking, and marine litter during a press briefing in Beijing, spokeswoman Hua Chunying pointed out that China’s achievements in addressing climate change are actually widely recognized by the international community.
“The Chinese government attaches great importance to ecological and environmental protection. It has made resource conservation and environmental protection a basic state policy and taken sustainable development as a national strategy.
It has earnestly fulfilled its obligations under international environmental treaties on climate change, biodiversity governance, and chemical pollution prevention and control, and achieved remarkable results,” she said.
China is committed to low-carbon emissions. By the end of 2019, China’s CO2 emissions per unit of GDP were cut by 48.1 percent compared with that in 2005, and the share of non-fossil fuel energy reached 15.3 percent, fulfilling its 2020 climate action targets ahead of schedule, Hua said.
China has announced that it will increase its nationally determined contribution targets, and strive to reach peak CO2 emissions before 2030 and carbon neutrality before 2060, she noted.
China has some of the toughest and most strictly enforced wildlife protection laws in the world, Hua said. Moreover, China has contributed greatly to global forest resources, as well as sustainable forest products and trade.
New afforestation in China accounted for 25 percent of the global total, and over 50 percent of the world’s new energy vehicles are in China, Hua added.
China is stepping up efforts to combat air pollution and improve air quality with its ambient air quality standards implemented in 74 cities.
By the end of 2020, China will basically achieve the goal of zero imports of solid waste. Nearly 99 percent of China’s urban household waste goes through innocuous disposal, and the coastal cities all have garbage classification and marine sanitation mechanisms. China’s marine debris is at a low-middle level internationally and is in a relatively controllable state, the spokeswoman said.
China implements the world’s most rigorous Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) and fights illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing activities with zero tolerance.
In addition, China is deeply involved in international exchanges and cooperation in environmental protection, and it was the first country to sign and ratify the Convention on Biological Diversity. China, relevant countries, and international organizations jointly launched the Belt and Road Initiative International Green Development Coalition and published the Green Investment Principles.
In comparison, per capita emissions in the U.S. are three times the global average, and more than twice that of China. At one point, they were nearly five times higher than China’s, and accumulated emissions by the U.S. are about three times that of China’s.
“The United States should answer these questions to the international community before accusing China: When will the U.S. pledge carbon neutrality? Why did it refuse to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and withdraw from the Paris Agreement?
Shouldn’t it explain itself to people in developing countries, especially small island countries that are severely affected by climate change? When will it pay the huge amounts of contributions it owes to the Global Environment Fund, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)? What does it say about its export of large amounts of garbage to developing countries every year?” said Hua.
“The fact is, the United States itself is the biggest perpetrator damaging international environmental cooperation, and the United States itself poses the biggest threat to the global environment.
The U.S. officials’ smears and attacks on China are purely for political purposes. We urge the United States to stop its political manipulation and slandering, take responsibility for environment protection and make tangible contributions to the protection of the global environment instead of stirring up trouble,” she said.